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canadian journal on aging best practice guideline on the prevention of abuse and neglect of older adultsSandra P. Hirst, University of Calgary–Faculty of Nursing
Tasha Penney, Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario
Susan McNeill, Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario
Veronique M. Boscart, Conestoga College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning
Elizabeth Podnieks, Ryerson University
Samir K. Sinha, Mt. Sinai Hospital, Toronto

"A systematic review of the literature was conducted to identify effective approaches to preventing and addressing abuse and neglect of older adults within health care settings in Canada. The review was conducted using databases searched from January 2000–April-May 2013. Additionally, expert panel members submitted article citations from personal archives. Two research associates (NRA) screened each title and abstract for inclusion. After inter-rater reliability was determined between the NRAs (Kappa score of 0.76), the records were divided, appraised, and data extracted independently. The review resulted in 62 studies that focused on identifying, assessing, and responding to abuse and neglect of older adults; education, prevention, and health promotion strategies; and organizational and system-level supports to prevent and respond to abuse and neglect. Abuse and neglect of older adults remains under-explored in terms of evidence-based studies; consequently, further research in all of the areas described in the results is needed."

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Source: Project MUSE , Canadian Journal on Aging, 2016, Vol.35 (2), pp.242-260